Overview

Kenyans overwhelmingly ushered our current constitution on the promise of Devolution and its associated benefits which they felt would translate to increased grass root access to resources and political power. It’s not therefore surprising that since the election of governors in 2013, majority of people have had extremely high expectations of their county governments. While most county governments spent the nascent period predominantly laying the ground work and planning aptly in order to deliver on the promises, others grabbed the opportunity not only to lay the operating framework, but also to actualise quick wins that resonated with the public.

Two years into devolution and twenty seven months to the next elections the time for concerted action is here. County governments need to fully decipher the perceptions of their residents and develop strategies that are concomitant with their expectations. It’s against this back drop that Infotrak research & Consulting developed The CountyTrak Index. The main objective of the Index is to ascertain County residents’ assessment on the performance of their County Governments against set Key performance indicators and to develop a Citizens Scorecard on the performance of their County governments. A sample of 600 respondents per county was interviewed translating into a margin of error +/- 4 at 95% degree of confidence between December 2014 and February 2015.

KEY FINDINGS

%

Number of  respondents who feel like things are better than before

%

Number of respondents who feel like things are same as before

%

Number of respondents who feel like things are worse than before

The key drivers that determine positive or negative perception over the traction devolution has made emanate from the existence or lack thereof of tangible development activities. As such, positive sentiments about devolution have been realised where there is increased infrastructural development especially in the area of road networks; where there is proof of existing health facilities being rehabilitated and new ones being built; where there are increased childhood education facilities and village polytechnics and where there is increased food production and affordable and easy access to food. Where infrastructure, health, education and agriculture have performed comparatively poorly, the county residents have intimated that the situation in their areas is essentially worse than before.

Where infrastructure, health, education and agriculture functions have been performed well, county residents have expressed optimism with devolution.

COUNTYTRAK HAPPINESS INDEX

Top 5 Happiest Counties

  • Samburu County 72%
  • Narok County 71.8%
  • Machakos County 71.8%
  • Muranga County 71.1%
  • Elgeyo Marakwet County 71%

If you really want to be happy or meet happy people, then you must take a trip to Samburu, Narok, Machakos Muranga, Elgeyo Marakwet, Garissa and West Pokot where where the happiness index is above 72%.  It is no mean feat that these counties have managed to garner such a high index as the national average across the 47 counties is 66%.

When residents from the happiest counties were interrogated to shed light on what drives their high levels of happiness many mentioned that visible positive changes in their environments made them exceedingly happy. In fact the top five drivers for happiness according to these happy counties are: Manifested positive changes in their environment, Good health, Access to affordable food, County development projects and improved condition of life
There are lessons to be learnt from Samburu, Narok and the other happy counties so it may be useful to make a visit.Interestingly the CountyTrak Happiness index is closely corroborated the results of a recent Gallup Happiness survey which pitted Kenya as the 33rd happiest country in the in the world.

COUNTYTRAK OPTIMISM INDEX

Hot on the heels of the 2003 elections, Kenyans were ranked as one of the most optimistic countries globally. The situation of buoyancy was attributed to the renewed hope that Kenyans had with the new NARC government. The honeymoon with NARC was short lived and Kenyans soon relegated back to dire levels of optimism as corruption, nepotism, tribalism crept back into government and rendered the country extremely inept and perhaps one of the most corrupt. The situation was exacerbated by the unfortunate events of the post-election violence.

Yet over every cloud there is a rainbow. Kenyans’ rainbow manifested itself through the new constitution which was heavily hinged on devolution.

The mean optimism index across all 47 counties was 76% probably making Kenyans once again one of the most optimistic people globally.

While optimism was a general question in the CountyTrak Index, The core drivers for optimism are linked to improvements in areas such as agriculture, health, trade, education, infrastructure etc. In areas where insecurity was rife prior to devolution, activities that have been initiated to mitigate the situation by national government in conjunction with County governments have also increased optimism.

 

Top 5 Most Optimistic Counties

  • Baringo County 81.7%
  • Bungoma County 80.6%
  • Kericho County 79.7%
  • Kisii County 79.7%
  • Kajiado County 79.4%

The Optimists club top league; the counties with the rosiest views of the next year include Baringo, Bungoma, Kericho, Kisii, Kajiado.

COUNTYTRAK CONDITION OF LIFE INDEX

Generally, the people of Muranga are more satisfied with their condition of life than residents of most other counties. This county where the colonialist first introduced dairy farming has an unsurprisingly vibrant economy and a high GDP per capita. And whilst money can’t buy happiness, the higher than average disposable income that the people of Muranga possess predisposes them to a relatively comfortable lifestyle. The same may be alluded of Machakos, Narok and Uasin Gishu where heightened trade and development and increased the disposable income of the county residents resulting in improved lifestyles. Garissa which would at the onset surprise most as being among the top three counties with the best condition of life owing to the incessant insecurity spate, is also acclaimed for high camaraderie among residents. The fact that people can rely on each other for support makes it easy for them to get things done. Additionally, Garissa residents claim that apart from the terror attacks, the county is generally one of the safest places to live. Incidents of robbery and theft are extremely rare.

Top 5 Counties with Best Condition of Life

  • Muranga County 62.9%
  • Machakos County 62.7%
  • Garissa County 62.5%
  • Uasin Gishu County 62.3%
  • Narok County 62%

COUNTYTRAK TOP LEAGUE PERFORMERS

  • Machakos County 61.5%
  • Bungoma County 60.3%
  • Vihiga County 59.8%
  • Bomet County 58.7%
  • Kwale County 58.5%
  • Elgeyo Marakwet County 58.3%
  • Taita Taveta County 58.3%
  • Kisii County 58.3%
  • West Pokot County 58.2%
  • Kakamega County 57.7%
  • Kericho County 57.6%
  • Muranga County 56.7%
  • Nandi County 56.5%
  • Uasin Gichu County 56.4%
  • Mombasa County 56.4%

The main objective of the Index is to ascertain County residents’ assessment on the performance of their County Governments against set Key performance indicators and to develop a Citizens Scorecard on the performance of their County governments. Thisperception Index probably the first of its kind and magnitude in Kenya, provides an excellent baseline on county residents’ appraisal of performance not only by devolved function but also by ward. The baseline index also provides a palate from where other evaluation tools can be developed to further probe and understand the insights from the statistics.

Using a sample of N= 28,200 ( n=600 per county) , the CountyTrak Index was conducted between December 2014 & February 2015 using the CATI approach (computer assisted telephone interviews) among adult Kenyans living in the respective Counties. A structured questionnaire with likert type ranking questions was applied on key performance indicators that were developed based on the core devolved functions on one hand and Emotional areas such as condition of life, happiness and optimism on the other.

COUNTYTRAK INDEX FUNCTIONAL INDICATORS:

  • Agriculture
  • Education: ECD and Polytechnic education
  • Health
  • Trade Development & Regulation
  • Public works
  • Animal Control and welfare
  • County Planning & Development
  • Making it difficult for people to access drugs and pornography
  • County Infrastructure ; Roads & Transport
  • Management of public funds
  • Control of Pollution
  • Empowerment of youth, women & persons with disability
  • Public Participation
  • Conservation of Environment and Natural resources
  • Cultural activities, Public Entertainment and Amenities

COUNTYTRAK INDEX EMOTIONAL INDICATORS:

  • Condition of life of the County residents
  • Optimism of the county residents
  • Happiness of the county residents

COUNTYTRAK TOP LEAGUE PERFORMERS BY FUNCTION

1. AGRICULTURE
COUNTY
SCORE
BUNGOMA 62.4%
VIHIGA 58.8%
KISII 58.6%
BUSIA 57.4%
MACHAKOS 57.3%
KAKAMEGA 57.1%
UASIN GISHU 56.9%
MURANGA 56.7%
WEST POKOT 56.5%
ELGEYO MARAKWET 56.5%
BOMET 56.4%
NANDI 56.2%
KERICHO 56.1%
MIGORI 55.6%
NAROK 55.1%

2. HEALTH
COUNTY
SCORE
MACHAKOS 68.6%
BOMET 67.9%
KISII 66.5%
KWALE 65.8%
NYERI 65.6%
ELGEYO MARAKWET 65.3%
BUNGOMA 65.1%
TAITA TAVETA 65.1%
KAKAMEGA 64.7%
UASIN GISHU 64.6%
MURANGA 63.9%
WEST POKOT 63.5%
MIGORI 63.5%
SAMBURU 63.4%
KERICHO 63.3%

3.PUBLIC WORKS
 COUNTY
SCORE
MACHAKOS 61.7%
KAKAMEGA 59.8%
KISII 59.4%
MOMBASA 59.3%
GARISSA 58.9%
BUNGOMA 58.5%
NYERI 58.5%
VIHIGA 58.3%
TAITA TAVETA 58.0%
KERICHO 57.2%
MERU 56.9%
KWALE 56.4%
MIGORI 56.0%
EMBU 55.5%
KIRINYAGA 55.2%

….

4. COUNTY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT

.

 COUNTY
SCORE
MACHAKOS 57.8%
BUNGOMA 55.5%
KISII 55.4%
VIHIGA 54.6%
UASIN GISHU 54.3%
MOMBASA 54.1%
BOMET 53.5%
KAKAMEGA 53.2%
NYERI 53.0%
KERICHO 52.7%
WEST POKOT 52.4%
KISUMU 52.3%
MERU 52.2%
KIAMBU 52.1%
MURANGA 51.8%
5.TRANSPORT
 COUNTY
SCORE
MACHAKOS 67.6%
MOMBASA 65.6%
VIHIGA 63.0%
KISII 61.7%
KISUMU 61.2%
NAIROBI 60.6%
BOMET 59.4%
KERICHO 58.7%
KAKAMEGA 58.6%
BUNGOMA 58.4%
UASIN GISHU 58.4%
KWALE 58.2%
WEST POKOT 57.6%
NANDI 57.5%
NAKURU 57.3%

6.POLLUTION CONTROL
 COUNTY
SCORE
KISII 68.7%
TAITA TAVETA 67.0%
WEST POKOT 66.1%
BUNGOMA 65.7%
ELGEYO MARAKWET 65.6%
MACHAKOS 65.4%
VIHIGA 65.0%
HOMABAY 64.8%
NYERI 64.5%
BARINGO 63.8%
KERICHO 63.7%
MURANGA 63.7%
KAKAMEGA 63.4%
KWALE 63.3%
BOMET 63.2%
7. CONSERVATION OF ENVIRONMENT
 COUNTY
SCORE
BUNGOMA 71.6%
KISII 70.8%
MACHAKOS 70.3%
VIHIGA 69.5%
TAITA TAVETA 67.5%
MIGORI 67.3%
BOMET 67.3%
KWALE 67.3%
KERICHO 67.3%
ELGEYO MARAKWET 67.1%
HOMABAY 67.0%
KAKAMEGA 67.0%
UASIN GISHU 66.9%
WEST POKOT 66.8%
NANDI 66.7%
8. CULTURAL ACTIVITIES, PUBLIC ENTERTAINMENT AND AMENITIES
 COUNTY
SCORE
MACHAKOS 64.1%
MOMBASA 59.9%
BUNGOMA 59.8%
BOMET 59.4%
VIHIGA 59.4%
KISII 58.6%
WEST POKOT 58.2%
KWALE 58.0%
KERICHO 57.0%
KAKAMEGA 56.6%
HOMABAY 55.9%
ELGEYO MARAKWET 55.4%
UASIN GISHU 55.2%
KISUMU 55.2%
KILIFI 55.0%
9.EDUCATION
 COUNTY
SCORE
BUNGOMA 71.4%
VIHIGA 69.0%
MACHAKOS 65.0%
BUSIA 64.4%
KAKAMEGA 64.3%
TAITA TAVETA 64.1%
MOMBASA 62.9%
KISII 62.8%
WEST POKOT 62.5%
BOMET 62.3%
ELGEYO MARAKWET 62.0%
KWALE 61.6%
KIRINYAGA 61.6%
HOMABAY 60.6%
UASIN GISHU 60.5%
10.TRADE DEVELOPMENTAND REGULATION
 COUNTY
SCORE
MACHAKOS 60.8%
KAJIADO 58.4%
MOMBASA 57.9%
VIHIGA 57.6%
ELGEYO MARAKWET 57.1%
SAMBURU 56.9%
KWALE 56.8%
NAROK 56.5%
BUNGOMA 56.2%
TAITA TAVETA 55.8%
KERICHO 55.4%
BOMET 55.0%
KAKAMEGA 54.7%
BARINGO 54.4%
WEST POKOT 54.2%
11.ANIMAL CONTROL AND WELFARE
 COUNTY
SCORE
BOMET 56.1%
VIHIGA 55.9%
BUNGOMA 55.2%
MACHAKOS 54.2%
MOMBASA 53.8%
NAROK 53.2%
KERICHO 53.0%
KWALE 52.3%
TAITA TAVETA 51.7%
KAKAMEGA 51.7%
ELGEYO MARAKWET 51.5%
NYANDARUA 51.2%
KISII 50.8%
NANDI 50.5%
BUSIA 50.4%
12.MAKING IT DIFFICULT TO ACCESS DRUGS AN PORNOGRAPHY
 COUNTY
SCORE
ELGEYO MARAKWET 65.9%
BOMET 62.7%
SAMBURU 61.5%
NANDI 60.7%
MACHAKOS 60.4%
KERICHO 60.0%
WEST POKOT 60.0%
BARINGO 59.9%
KISII 58.4%
NAROK 58.2%
KITUI 57.9%
BUNGOMA 57.6%
UASIN GISHU 57.6%
HOMABAY 57.0%
WAJIR 56.7%
13. EMPOWERING YOUTH, WOMEN AND PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
 COUNTY
SCORE
BUNGOMA 62.2%
MACHAKOS 62.0%
TAITA TAVETA 61.2%
MOMBASA 61.0%
BOMET 61.0%
WEST POKOT 60.5%
KWALE 59.9%
ELGEYO MARAKWET 59.8%
BUSIA 59.5%
VIHIGA 59.1%
KISII 57.3%
KERICHO 57.0%
MURANGA 56.7%
KAKAMEGA 56.7%
HOMABAY 56.6%
14.PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
 COUNTY
SCORE
TANA RIVER 37.8%
TAITA TAVETA 32.8%
ELGEYO MARAKWET 32.6%
KWALE 32.0%
SIAYA 23.9%
LAMU 22.7%
WEST POKOT 22.7%
NANDI 21.9%
KILIFI 21.3%
BOMET 20.7%
SAMBURU 20.7%
MAKUENI 19.7%
BARINGO 19.5%
KITUI 19.5%
MURANGA 19.5%

COUNTYTRAK ELECTED LEADERS APPROVAL RATING

GOVERNOR INDEX

  • Alfred Mutua – Machakos County 79.4%
  • Ken Lusaka – Bungoma County 77.6%
  • Josphat Nanok – Turkana County 73.9%
  • Simon Kitelei – West Pokot County 72.5%
  • Moses Akaranga – Vihiga County 71.9%
SENATOR INDEX
  • John Lonyangapuo – West Pokot County 74.5%
  • Gideon Mbuvi Kioko “Sonko” 67.3%
  • Moses Wetangula – Bungoma County 67.1%
  • Kipchumba Murkomen – Elgeyo Marakwet County 64.3%
  • Hassan Omar Hassan – Mombasa County 64%
CONSOLIDATED MCAs INDEX
  • Vihiga County 68%
  • Siaya County 64.9%
  • Nandi County 63.8%
  • Kilifi County 62.7%
  • Baringo County 62.6%
WOMENS REPRESENTATIVES INDEX
  • Gladys Wanga – Homabay County 68.5%
  • Maison Leshoomo – Samburu County 63%
  • Joyce Wanjalah Lay – Taita Taveta County 60.4%
  • Sabina Wanjiru Chege – Muranga County 59.8%
  • Zainab Kalekye Chidzuga – Kwale County 59.2%
Just like is done for the president and opposition head, the approval rating for elected leaders asked one simple question: How would you rate the overall performance of your Governor/Senator/Women Rep/MCA/ MP on a scale of 1-10 where 1 is extremely poor and 10 is excellent. Whilst all elected leaders have elaborate job description which include but are not limited to legislation, they are elected leaders who sought the mandate of the electorate and the perception of their performance is by far and large is determined by their engagement with the same electorate.With the exception of MCA ratings where the ratings of all MCAs within the county were consolidated into one overall index, the ratings of all the other elected leaders within the county are individual ratings and depend entirely on their engagement with their electorate.

NATIONAL ASSEMBLY ELECTED LEADERS APPROVAL RATING

MPS INDEX

  • Wilberforce Ottichilo – Emuhaya Constituency 79.9%
  • John Waluke – Sirisia Constituency 79.8%
  • Mary Emaase – Teso South Constituency 79.6%
  • Kimani Ichung’wa – Kikuyu Constituency 79.4%
  • Nicholas Gumbo – Rarieda Constituency 79.4%

CONSOLIDATED MPS INDEX BY COUNTY

  • VIHIGA COUNTY 70.7%
  • THARAKA NITHI COUNTY 68.9%
  • SIAYA COUNTY 68.4%
  • BARINGO COUNTY 67.3%
  • BUSIA COUNTY 65.5%